Our teeth are one of our hardiest body parts with enamel, one of the hardest body tissues, covering them. They dependably reduce food particles to manageable size to help your body digest food and absorb its nutrients. However, even these tough teeth can be damaged and when they do, you’ll be sure to feel painful tooth aches.
Two of the common causes of tooth aches are bacterial growth and physical injuries.
Bacteria that live in dental plaques can cause various problems that we associate with tooth aches. Acid produced by these bacteria eat away at tougher layers of the teeth such as the enamel and the dentin until it reaches the pulp. The dental pulp is the soft core of the teeth which is rich in blood vessels and nerves.
The nerves help the pulp alert the body of the invading bacteria by producing painful tooth aches. When the bacteria manage to invade the pulp, it starts to form a swelling called abscess. Left untreated, the abscess can grow indefinitely and invade the bones that support the teeth.
The Causes Of Periodontitis
Bacteria may also attack the gums and the bones that help support the teeth. Gingivitis or gum inflammation happens when the gums are subjected to bacterial acids and toxins. If left untreated, gingivitis may develop into periodontitis where the gums and the bones supporting the teeth are starting to give way. Bacterial infection is still the primary cause of the disease although the body may also be partly to blame. It can produce harmful enzymes that also attack the very tissues that it is protecting. The gums and bone then recede due to periodontitis, producing spaces where dirt and bacteria can accumulate and further damage the teeth.
Physical injury, especially near the cheeks or the jaw, may also cause tooth aches. Sports injuries and accidents may produce chipping and tooth fractures. Constant eating of hard foods such as nuts and hard candies may wear down our teeth and create them as well. Chipping usually only affects the teeth’s enamel and may not reach the pulp.
However, it may look unsightly so it might be necessary for a dentist to restore the teeth’s shape to normal. On the other hand, tooth fractures may provide space for bacteria to invade the pulp so it would be prudent to seek dental help before bacterial infection sets in.
Even though tooth aches are undesirable, they help us identify the threats to our teeth. You can prevent tooth aches by simply addressing its causes.
Build-up of bacteria in our oral cavity can easily be avoided with proper oral hygiene such as regular brushing and flossing. Eating sugar or starch rich food in moderation will also lessen bacterial growth. Avoiding or lessening the intake of hard food will prevent your teeth from experiencing early wear and tear.
Following safety protocols in sports, school and work will also prevent tooth fractures from forming. More importantly, frequent visits to your dentist will ensure that your teeth will stay free not only from tooth aches and but other dental problems as well. With proper care and dental check-ups, you’ll be sure that your teeth will stay healthy and tooth ache free.